USAID-PATTA training for agric and livestock farmers in KP
A training program on crops and livestock technologies was arranged for farmers and stakeholders across food value chain in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Prof M Subhan Qureshi participated as the resource person for livestock sector and Mr Allahdad Khan as as resource person for crops sector. The training program comprised two modules namely technologies for improving animal health protocols and practices and technologies for improving nutritional practices of livestock.
The training modules covering crops sector were Technologies for Nursery Management (vegetables & orchards); Technologies for Orchard Management; and Technologies for Integrated Pest Management (IPM). Another module was Crop Production Practices and technologies (Fodder & Vegetables both seasonal & High Value Off-Season Vegetables (HVOSV). Mr Jim Conley presented his lecture on integrated pest management and integrated livestock pests management.
The livestock health component comprised general observation and parameters to assess animal health status; handling of animals by using cattle crush; castration of sheep, goat and cattle through emasculator; cattle hoof trimming to avoid lameness; new born calf/kids/lambs feeding practices (care practices); diseases preventable by vaccination; tick and fly borne diseases and worm control; mastitis control through teat dip technique and other diseases of teats; wool shearing machine.
Technologies for Improving Animal Breeding and Reproduction covered heat detection of animals through different heat detectors; handling of semen in liquid nitrogen; all protocols of semen handling including thawing and insemination; handling and use of Artificial Insemination (AI) kit and pregnancy test through milk test, PT test and ultrasound technology.
Technologies in nutritional management included importance of Ration Balancing Program (dairy and beef production); importance of feeding mineral mixture; drinking watering utensils and processes for dairy animals; care of pregnant animals and nutritional care after calving and silage making and its role in livestock nutrition.
Experience gained under the Dairy Science Park regarding entrepreneurship development across the Food Value Chain were shared. Agrotourism has been introduced as a supplementary income for farmers and attraction of tourists to the war hit zone of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA. Importance of the establishment of community centers in filling the technology gaps, accessibility of farm inputs, sale of products at appropriate rates and introduction of products processing facilities, were highlighted and possible mechanisms were highlighted.
Later on a meeting of the executive members of Livestock Farmers Association was held with the USAID PATTA officials at Peshawar. Joint efforts would be made for training of farmers and promoting marketing linkages for livestock products. KPCCI would be approached for boosting eports to the friendly countries. USAID has assisted the farmers of Punjab through various developmental projects and the KP farmers are expecting similar assistance, being exposed to damages of war on terror.